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Megacities are the brainchild of our civilization. Cities grow, merge with each other, forming huge settlements in which very little space is allotted to nature. It is in order to be closer to nature that many residents of large cities arrange winter gardens on their heated balconies, and greenhouses are set up on the roofs of houses, where they grow flowers and organic food. This publication will talk about the effect of air humidity on the growth of indoor plants.
Why do plants need a humid microclimate
In principle, almost any plant can be grown in an apartment, the main thing is to create a suitable microclimate for them. For them, light, watering, and, of course, air are important. The most suitable air for plants should be warm and humid. With light it is clear — it is necessary for photosynthesis. With water, everything is also clear: it dissolves nutrients in the earth that serve as food for plants. If watering is organized correctly, why should you pay attention to humidity? There are two reasons for this.
- Dry air simply draws moisture out of everything that has it. Plants and humans are no exception. Leaves and shoots turn yellow and fall, which leads to the death of plants.
- Almost everything that is grown in winter gardens and greenhouses by our compatriots is the inhabitants of forests. That is why they need a “native”, humid microclimate for normal growth.
The higher the room temperature, the higher the humidity should be. First of all, humidity is needed to compensate for the naturally evaporating liquid. In addition, with increased moisture content in the air, the plant tolerates high temperatures better.
From the lessons of physics, we all know that warm air is drier, and cold air is more saturated with moisture. It turns out like this: in summer the air in the greenhouse is dry, as it is more heated, and in winter, it also lacks moisture, as it is dried by heating radiators. In such a seemingly hopeless situation, there is one way out, the purchase of a humidifier.
Is it possible to get by with a soil humidifier?
There are several types of climatic equipment for moistening the air mixture, among which the device, under the loud name of the soil humidifier, stands apart. This device is a container for storing water and a tube through which this water enters the ground. The principle of its operation is quite simple: when the earth dries up, microcracks form in it, through which moisture enters the earth.
Some manufacturers of this device claim that due to moistened soil, the humidity around the plant will be maintained within 50-60%. In order to answer the question whether this product can replace expensive climate equipment, you should first find out if there is a lack of moisture in the air of a winter garden or a greenhouse. It can be calculated using the formula that is used to calculate the required capacity of a humidifier and has been described in detail in other publications on our website.
In practice, moisture deficiency can be checked by creating a water mist with a conventional sprinkler. When the humidity level in the greenhouse reaches about 60%, measure the amount of water that had to be used. The value will be approximate, but it will immediately show that not a single soil humidifier will cope with the task, since the evaporation area is too small.
How to choose a humidifier for a winter garden in an apartment
- The most attractive device looks like an ultrasonic humidifier. But, very often, many users of this type of climate technology complain about the appearance of salt deposits around the device. If you install an ultrasonic humidifier in the winter garden, then there is a risk that plaque will also appear on plants.
- Steam humidifiers do a great job, but they use a lot of electricity and increase the temperature in the room.
- Air washers effectively raise the level of humidity in the room and rid it of dust. But they also have one drawback — the high cost.
All the shortcomings of their «brothers» are deprived of a traditional mechanical humidifier. Water in these devices is poured into a special container, from where it falls on special moisturizing replaceable cartridges. The built-in fan drives air through them and moisturizes it naturally.
Conclusion: A traditional humidifier is the best humidifier for indoor plants.
What can be used as a moisturizer?
Let’s face it, a humidifier is not the cheapest device. For this reason, many do not use it in everyday life. In order to create a microclimate that is comfortable for plants in a small room of the winter garden, you can use the “old-fashioned method” and hang wet towels on heating radiators. You can put water containers, or you can use the indoor decorative fountain. This device will decorate your garden and create a wonderful microclimate for your plants.