What is a “cli­mate sys­tem”?

An inte­grat­ed cli­mate sys­tem is a whole com­plex that pro­vides the build­ing with the nec­es­sary micro­cli­mate, often not only around the clock, but also all year round. There­fore, a com­plex cli­mate sys­tem usu­al­ly includes heat­ing, ven­ti­la­tion and air con­di­tion­ing sys­tems. Such sys­tems are fun­da­men­tal­ly dif­fer­ent from domes­tic fans, heaters, air con­di­tion­ers, air humid­i­fiers. And the main dif­fer­ence is that this is a com­plex spe­cial “con­struc­tor” designed for a spe­cif­ic build­ing.
Nev­er­the­less, the parts of this con­struc­tor must be select­ed, and for the cor­rect choice it is nec­es­sary to know how the work is cor­rect­ly dis­trib­uted between the indi­vid­ual sys­tems and which units and instal­la­tions are used sep­a­rate­ly for ven­ti­la­tion, heat­ing and air con­di­tion­ing.

Heat­ing sys­tems

Heat­ing is the heat­ing of premis­es using arti­fi­cial meth­ods. More often, heat­ing is used dur­ing the cold sea­son in order to main­tain a cer­tain tem­per­a­ture lev­el that is com­fort­able for peo­ple in the room. Although some­times main­tain­ing a cer­tain tem­per­a­ture is nec­es­sary for the require­ments of the process.
There are two main types of heat­ing: cen­tral water, which is car­ried out by con­ven­tion­al radi­a­tors, and air heat­ing, in which the room is heat­ed with warm air;
Air heat­ing has cer­tain advan­tages. First of all, it is that it can be com­bined with air con­di­tion­ing and ven­ti­la­tion sys­tems. That is, when not only fresh, but also puri­fied and heat­ed air is sup­plied to the room. At the same time, the same air ducts are used to sup­ply both warm air in win­ter and cold air in sum­mer.
There­fore, in the inte­grat­ed cli­mate sys­tem, only air heat­ing is used.

Air con­di­tion­ing sys­tems

Air con­di­tion­ing cre­ates and auto­mat­i­cal­ly main­tains the nec­es­sary air para­me­ters inside the premis­es (tem­per­a­ture, com­po­si­tion, puri­ty, rel­a­tive humid­i­ty, air pres­sure and speed of its move­ment). This is nec­es­sary to cre­ate liv­ing con­di­tions that are most favor­able for the well-being of peo­ple, as well as for the oper­a­tion of cer­tain instru­ments and equip­ment, the con­duct of tech­no­log­i­cal process­es, and the preser­va­tion of cul­tur­al val­ues.

Ven­ti­la­tion sys­tems

In every­day life, ven­ti­la­tion is ordi­nary ven­ti­la­tion, but devices that reg­u­late and cre­ate air exchange in a room are also called. Ven­ti­la­tion is nec­es­sary in order to pro­vide air with the nec­es­sary mobil­i­ty, humid­i­ty, tem­per­a­ture and puri­ty.
How ven­ti­la­tion should be car­ried out, and what kind of air should be in rooms where peo­ple are locat­ed, is deter­mined by hygien­ic stan­dards. As well as for cer­tain indus­tri­al premis­es, the tem­per­a­ture, puri­ty and humid­i­ty of the air are dic­tat­ed by the char­ac­ter­is­tics of the tech­no­log­i­cal process.
Most often, two types of ven­ti­la­tion are used: exhaust or mechan­i­cal sup­ply. For exhaust ven­ti­la­tion, it is usu­al­ly nec­es­sary to install sep­a­rate exhaust fans. And in the sup­ply air, fresh puri­fied air of the required humid­i­ty and tem­per­a­ture is sup­plied by cen­tral air con­di­tion­ers and air han­dling units.

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