An integrated climate system is a whole complex that provides the building with the necessary microclimate, often not only around the clock, but also all year round. Therefore, a complex climate system usually includes heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. Such systems are fundamentally different from domestic fans, heaters, air conditioners, air humidifiers. And the main difference is that this is a complex special “constructor” designed for a specific building.
Nevertheless, the parts of this constructor must be selected, and for the correct choice it is necessary to know how the work is correctly distributed between the individual systems and which units and installations are used separately for ventilation, heating and air conditioning.
Heating is the heating of premises using artificial methods. More often, heating is used during the cold season in order to maintain a certain temperature level that is comfortable for people in the room. Although sometimes maintaining a certain temperature is necessary for the requirements of the process.
There are two main types of heating: central water, which is carried out by conventional radiators, and air heating, in which the room is heated with warm air;
Air heating has certain advantages. First of all, it is that it can be combined with air conditioning and ventilation systems. That is, when not only fresh, but also purified and heated air is supplied to the room. At the same time, the same air ducts are used to supply both warm air in winter and cold air in summer.
Therefore, in the integrated climate system, only air heating is used.
Air conditioning systems
Air conditioning creates and automatically maintains the necessary air parameters inside the premises (temperature, composition, purity, relative humidity, air pressure and speed of its movement). This is necessary to create living conditions that are most favorable for the well-being of people, as well as for the operation of certain instruments and equipment, the conduct of technological processes, and the preservation of cultural values.
In everyday life, ventilation is ordinary ventilation, but devices that regulate and create air exchange in a room are also called. Ventilation is necessary in order to provide air with the necessary mobility, humidity, temperature and purity.
How ventilation should be carried out, and what kind of air should be in rooms where people are located, is determined by hygienic standards. As well as for certain industrial premises, the temperature, purity and humidity of the air are dictated by the characteristics of the technological process.
Most often, two types of ventilation are used: exhaust or mechanical supply. For exhaust ventilation, it is usually necessary to install separate exhaust fans. And in the supply air, fresh purified air of the required humidity and temperature is supplied by central air conditioners and air handling units.