Beauty salons are popular establishments where people not only perform various procedures to improve their appearance, but also often relax their souls. In such places should be cozy and comfortable. Few people like to spend a couple of hours in a stuffy park atmosphere with strong chemical smells. And what can we say about employees who are unlikely to be able to stay in such a room all day. Competent ventilation of a beauty salon will help to take care of normal air exchange and high-quality air, which you should think about even at the planning stage of this business.
It is also important to note that, according to Ukrainian legislation, hairdressing salons and spa treatment studios are enterprises whose activities are regulated by the state sanitary service. And it puts forward specific requirements for the state of the microclimate of these institutions. Based on all this, it follows that entrepreneurs need to take a responsible approach to the installation of the ventilation system, involving specialized engineering companies and highly qualified craftsmen in this work.
What is the peculiarity of the functioning of a beauty salon?
Modern beauty studios have in their arsenal a lot of various activities that greatly affect the microclimate in these rooms.
Firstly, in a small enclosed space there are always people (employees, visitors) involved in procedures, many of which can last several hours.
Secondly, volatile chemicals (from hair dyes, nail polishes, peels, paint thinners, skin sprays) are constantly released into the air. Their high concentration can lead to a deterioration in well-being, and in some cases to intoxication.
Thirdly, without good ventilation in the cabin it will be too hot and humid, because in this place a hair dryer, curling iron often work, hair is washed and even full-fledged bath procedures are performed.
Exhaust fan Helios MiniVent M1/100
Air consumption, m³/hour:
75, 90 |
Fan noise level, dB:
25, 30 |
In addition, many beauty studios have their own solarium, and this equipment also greatly affects the condition of the air in the room, saturating it with ozone. In high concentrations, it is harmful to health.
Don’t forget about the common and most common indoor pollutants: house dust, bacteria, mold spores and other pathogens that can cause serious illness if exposed for a long time.
In order for all the exhaust air to be removed from beauty salons in time, each beauty salon needs competent laying of air ducts and shafts, installation of duct fans of a certain type and power, selection and installation of ventilation grilles, exhaust hoods, air cleaners and other important equipment. All this you can order in our company VENCON.
Inline fan Vents TT 100 T
motor on bearings, mounting plate, speed control (option), shutdown timer |
Noise level, dB:
27, 36 |
Power supply, V:
Branch pipe diameter, mm:
Power consumption, W:
21, 33 |
Maximum air consumption, m³/hour:
145, 187 |
What should be considered when designing ventilation in a beauty salon?
Professional calculation of equipment power and design of the entire engineering ventilation system is carried out based on the requirements that are prescribed in the relevant regulations. They guarantee the creation of conditions for normal air exchange. In addition, professionals should be aware of the following:
- area of the beauty salon;
- its location relative to other premises (public, residential);
- the number of people permanently in the institution.
Let’s consider in more detail. If the establishment occupies up to 50 m², then there are no strict requirements for the design of the ventilation system. It will be enough to have a household high-performance hood that provides a single change of air for one hour.
If the beauty salon has an area of up to 100 m², then in this case a single inflow and a double removal of air masses are needed. This can be ensured by installing a combined supply and exhaust engineering system (with an electric air heater or a heat exchanger for winter operation).
Heat exchanger Prana 150 Wi-Fi
11-20, 21-35, 36-60, up to 10 |
Wall thickness from, mm:
Installation of an external grille:
from the premises |
Heat exchanger material:
Wall module diameter, mm:
Heat recovery efficiency, %:
In large establishments over 100 m², the exhaust air must be changed at least three times in one hour, and fresh air must enter within two volumes of the room.
The next important factor influencing the design of ventilation is the location of the beauty studio relative to other properties. When a hairdressing salon is located in the same building as offices or residential apartments, it is a mistake to believe that you can focus on an existing duct system. It does not involve such a load and is completely unsuitable for these purposes. For a beauty salon, you will have to create a completely new, more productive ventilation.
With separate buildings or extensions, everything is much easier, because the air duct system is then designed from scratch, and all the required parameters can be laid into it. However, in this case, it is important to take into account the location of the outlets of the ventilation ducts: the exhaust air ejected from the mine should not fall into someone’s window.
When calculating the performance of the ventilation system, among other things, you need to take into account the number of employees permanently located in the institution, and the approximate number of customers. These data also affect the selection of equipment of a certain capacity.
The main requirements for exhaust systems in beauty studios
In beauty salons and other institutions of this type, the normative indicators of the microclimate do not differ much from those generally accepted for most residential and public buildings:
- The ambient temperature must be at least +18°C. The most comfortable indicators (+21-+24°С). In hot weather, air conditioning will help maintain them.
- Comfortable humidity starts at 40% and does not exceed 60%. With excessive waterlogging of the microclimate, compact dehumidifiers will help to cope.
- The circulation speed of air masses is usually 0.1 m/s. Anything more causes unpleasant drafts.
Air conditioner split system Gree Bora GWH09AAAXA-K3NNA2A
Indoor unit type:
Heating power, kW:
Cooling power, kW:
Min. heating temperature, °C:
It is not difficult to maintain such a microclimate in ordinary residential premises, which cannot be said about beauty salons, in which several people can use, for example, a hairdryer to dry wet hair at once. Therefore, the engineering duct system and its equipment must cope with such circumstances.
For the comfort of personnel, all of the above indicators can be set using the automation of the ventilation system and they will be maintained without human intervention. It is only necessary to indicate on the control panel the permissible norms of important microclimate values, and the equipment will automatically calculate the fan speed, supply air temperature, etc.
Please note that the air exhaust system in the beauty salon must be individual and not combined with other ventilation shafts of a large building.
Types of beauty salon premises and ventilation features for each of them
The peculiarity of creating an exhaust system for a beauty studio and installing equipment is that such an institution may have several halls and offices in which a wide variety of services are provided. Each of the premises requires an individual approach to the design of ventilation. The most common rooms are:
- hairdresser and manicure room;
- SPA salon and massage;
- artificial tanning studio (solarium).
We propose to consider the features of ventilation systems for each of these rooms in more detail, taking into account the specifics of their functional purpose.
So, the hairdresser, which is often combined with a manicure parlor, has a particularly polluted air. According to its chemical composition, it may contain the following hazardous substances:
- hydrogen sulfide;
- thioglycolic acid.
In addition, household dust, hair, nail dust after manicure and pedicure are constantly in the air. To prevent all this from circulating in space and getting into the respiratory tract of customers and staff, the ventilation of the hairdresser must be a powerful exhaust duct. Moreover, it is important to take the spent air masses and not to carry out the influx of fresh air through the ventilation shaft in the same room. It is better to compensate for the lack of intake air by supplying it in excess to adjacent rooms and penetrating through overflow openings in the form of gratings in doors and walls. Such a solution will effectively remove chemical contaminants, and not distribute them with air currents throughout the institution.
The second common type of beauty salon premises is the spa treatment studio. The following services are provided here:
- skin peeling;
- care with therapeutic mud;
Usually in such rooms it is humid, parko, there are many bright odors (hydrogen sulfide from mud baths, as well as specific aromas of skin care oils). The main task of the ventilation of the spa is not only the elimination of exhaust air, but also the effective reduction of the humidity level to 40-60%. Natural and forced exhaust should function in this room. If they cannot cope with excess humidity, then duct or mobile air dryers should be used. Their power is selected depending on the area of u200bu200bthe room and the intensity of moisture release.
Another important point in the organization of the ventilation system of the spa is the observance of low noise levels. After all, such a room was created for relaxation and recuperation. To achieve silence in the massage room, you need to use the following technical solutions:
- install modern low-noise equipment;
- make sound insulation of air ducts;
- correctly calculate the speed of air flow when it enters the ventilation ducts.
And finally, the solarium. It would seem that this room is always dry and nothing is sprayed into the air. However, the peculiarity of the artificial tanning studio is that its equipment (vertical and horizontal cabins with ultraviolet lamps) strongly ionizes the air during operation. In addition, tanning equipment produces a lot of thermal energy, due to which the microclimate becomes hot and dry, like in the African desert. This can not only adversely affect health, but also shorten the life of the lamps themselves.
It is important to note that solarium ventilation is especially strictly regulated by the relevant government services. Under no circumstances should air from this room enter adjacent rooms. It should be taken out to the street through a separate duct. Therefore, for a solarium, an individual supply and exhaust system should be organized.
In conclusion, I would like to note that the design and installation of ventilation in a beauty salon is a big responsibility of an entrepreneur not only to the sanitary and epidemiological authority, but also to his visitors. A healthy and comfortable microclimate will be the key to business success and its development. In addition, clean air is a guarantee of protecting the health of employees who spend a full day in such enclosed spaces.
Entrust this task to professional craftsmen from our company, and we will help not only with the selection of suitable equipment, but also with its installation and commissioning.