To ensure a comfortable state of health and normal life in the room where a person lives and works, an optimal level of humidity must be maintained. The approximate value of this parameter ranges between 45–60%, depending on the fullness of the room with electronics, the number of people in the apartment and other factors. If the humidity level is noticeably lower than the specified value, then a humidifier comes to the rescue. How to use a humidifier, and what benefits you can get from using it, we will tell in this article.
The use of a humidifier depending on its type
There are 3 main types of humidifiers:
- Cold (classic). It provides for the presence of a container for the liquid driven through the evaporators. Special fans draw air in, and give it back already humidified. The convenience of such a humidifier also lies in the fact that it is also used for aromatherapy — a few drops of your favorite aroma oil instantly spread throughout the room. The device works through the network in automatic mode, when the humidity level reaches 60%, it turns off automatically.
- Steam. The principle of its operation is based on the preliminary heating of water. With the help of two electrodes, water is brought to a boil and begins to transform into steam, spreading throughout the room. The process is reproduced as long as there is liquid in the tank, as soon as the liquid in the humidifier runs out, it turns off. When using steam models, remember that they consume much more electricity than classic ones, and you need to install them at a distance from places where people sit or plants are located.
- Ultrasonic. Silent and surprisingly economical version of the humidifier, the principle of operation of which is based on mechanical vibrations converted from electrical vibrations. Such a device is considered the most suitable option for humidifying the air in your home. The built-in hydrostat in some models allows you to independently regulate the level of humidity. Regular filter replacement is required for optimal and trouble-free operation.
A humidifier is an electrical appliance that works with water. This is an object of increased danger. Before starting its operation, be sure to read the instructions, which contain, among other things, safety rules.
In general, when using this device, it is prohibited:
- add water during operation (if this is not provided by the manufacturer);
- move the operating humidifier;
- use the steam nozzle for topping up or close it;
- use technical water;
- use water with additives (if there is a flavoring function, then there is a special container for aroma oils).
Moist air is heavier than dry air, so it quickly settles down. For the best effect, as well as for safety reasons (so that condensate does not collect under the device), the humidifier should be at a height of at least 0.5 m. A large, powerful device can be placed higher, on shelves or a cabinet.
The humidifier must be located at least 0.3 m from:
- electrical appliances (he will “flood” them with steam);
- furniture and non-moisture resistant walls (they will become sour from moisture);
- hygroscopic things (for example, books);
- heating devices (the whole meaning of humidification is lost).
If the house has other sources of moisture, for example, a decorative fountain or an aquarium, you should not install the device in this place. Their joint work can increase the humidity above the permissible values u200bu200b(above 70%), which is also bad. From high humidity, mold can appear, and the likelihood of a disease of the respiratory system increases.
The appliance must be kept out of the reach of pets and small children. It is advisable to connect the humidifier directly to the mains, without additional connections through filters, tees, etc. The wire should not interfere with the passage and be stretched.
What water is suitable for humidifiers
In most humidifiers, the water passes into the air in the form in which it was originally, with all impurities, salts and impurities. Both the user and his family will breathe it. In addition, if the liquid is of poor quality (for example, tap water), it also spoils the device itself, clogs filters, nozzles, and in places of heating it is possible the appearance of scale. This is why water quality is an important consideration when using humidifiers.
For humidification, it is better to use distilled, bottled demineralized or natural water. Occasionally, it is possible to pour filtered or boiled tap water into the tank, and then water removed from the sediment.
Tap water contains substances that do not linger on filters, are not neutralized and do not settle when boiled. Getting first into the humidifier, these impurities enter the air, and then into the respiratory tract, causing, at best, simply irritation of mucous membranes.
The water consumption is not so large as to save on purchased water and use dirty water. Artesian or industrially filtered water can be collected from self-service machines. It costs quite a bit, about 2–3 rubles per liter.
It is worth paying attention to such a moment: unused water in the humidifier tank can be kept for no more than 24 hours. Then it must be removed, the container washed. If this is not done, the remaining water will “swamp”, pathogenic microflora will appear there.
The use of aromatic oils in a humidifier
You can use essential oils or special solutions for aromatization only in those humidifiers in which this option is provided constructively, which is usually written both on the packaging and in the instructions. Humidifiers with the “aromatization” option have special tray for oils. It is strictly forbidden to add foreign substances to the container with water. The presence of aromatization does not depend on the type of humidifier. It may or may not be in any type of device: steam, ultrasonic or “cold”.
It is important to use substances that are in principle intended for aromatherapy, of high quality. General rules for dosage — 5 drops per 15 squares of area. Overdose can cause side effects: allergies, dizziness and migraine attack, nausea.
Do not use fragrances every time you turn on the humidifier. The first time, aromatic oils are added for an hour, no more, and the reaction of the body is monitored. If everything is in order, the time can be increased. If problems arise, flavors should be discarded.
You can read more about scented humidifiers here.
Typical problems that may occur when operating a humidifier
In the process of using humidifiers, problems, minor malfunctions, may occur. Most of them you can solve on your own.
- The device does not turn on. First, as always, you need to check if it is connected to the network. It’s so obvious, but statistically, this problem happens a lot. Carelessness plays a cruel joke. Secondly, check the tank, it may run out of water.
- Steam does not come out of the nozzle. The outlet may be blocked by dirt, residues of the parting agent. It must be washed thoroughly.
- Steam may not flow if the tank is filled above the “max” mark and the intake system is flooded. Excess water must be drained. If both of the previous tips did not help, it is worth trying to disassemble the humidifier and flush the membranes, filters and moving parts. If there is no result, you will have to hand over the device for repair.
- The humidifier is bubbling, and the pressure of moist air is weak. Most likely, the water ran out, and the automatic shutdown did not work. If the device is ultrasonic, such “symptoms” may indicate problems with the generation of ultrasound. Treatment will consist of dismantling, cleaning, drying and reinstalling the ultrasonic transducer.
- The steam is cloudy, and a salt coating appears on the surrounding objects. This indicates poor water quality or filter failure.
- The appearance of an unpleasant odor during operation of the device. This is a sign that the water has “bloomed”. It needs to be drained. Rinse and dry all parts in contact with the liquid, paying special attention to the membrane.
The humidifier care procedure includes several measures, depending on the degree of contamination of the device.
Be sure to turn off the device every day and pour out the remaining water, then wash the humidifier with a brush and hot soapy water. This will allow time to clean it from the plaque formed due to the increased hardness of the water. The tank is rinsed with tap water, its subsequent filling should occur only after complete drying. When performing the above actions, care must be taken not to allow the engine and other used working units to be flooded with water.
Even with good daily care, deeper cleansing may be needed over time, no matter how often the device is used. for wall processing use vinegar, to reduce the risk of damage to surfaces, you can dilute it with water. The ingrained plaque can be eliminated only in this way. After treatment with vinegar solution, it is necessary to thoroughly rinse the device under running water and leave it to dry completely. The frequency of deep cleaning is once every 2–3 weeks.
Its need arises when you need to clean the device from bacteria. As preparatory measures, the following should be done: open the window and balcony shutters and thoroughly ventilate the room. Next, prepare a solution from half a glass bleaching agent and 4 liters of water. Pour water into the tank and press “on”. After a while, steam will begin to be released, at this moment we turn off the device and wait 3–5 minutes, after which we release the container from water. We rinse the container with fresh water, and refill it, turn on the device for 5–7 minutes.
The number of repeated cycles depends on how soon the smell of bleach disappears. If the instructions indicate that it is undesirable to use bleach as a disinfectant, then hydrogen peroxide is poured instead.