To ensure a com­fort­able state of health and nor­mal life in the room where a per­son lives and works, an opti­mal lev­el of humid­i­ty must be main­tained. The approx­i­mate val­ue of this para­me­ter ranges between 45–60%, depend­ing on the full­ness of the room with elec­tron­ics, the num­ber of peo­ple in the apart­ment and oth­er fac­tors. If the humid­i­ty lev­el is notice­ably low­er than the spec­i­fied val­ue, then a humid­i­fi­er comes to the res­cue. How to use a humid­i­fi­er, and what ben­e­fits you can get from using it, we will tell in this arti­cle.

The use of a humidifier depending on its type

There are 3 main types of humid­i­fiers:

  1. Cold (clas­sic). It pro­vides for the pres­ence of a con­tain­er for the liq­uid dri­ven through the evap­o­ra­tors. Spe­cial fans draw air in, and give it back already humid­i­fied. The con­ve­nience of such a humid­i­fi­er also lies in the fact that it is also used for aro­mather­a­py — a few drops of your favorite aro­ma oil instant­ly spread through­out the room. The device works through the net­work in auto­mat­ic mode, when the humid­i­ty lev­el reach­es 60%, it turns off auto­mat­i­cal­ly.
    Classic humidifier
  2. Steam. The prin­ci­ple of its oper­a­tion is based on the pre­lim­i­nary heat­ing of water. With the help of two elec­trodes, water is brought to a boil and begins to trans­form into steam, spread­ing through­out the room. The process is repro­duced as long as there is liq­uid in the tank, as soon as the liq­uid in the humid­i­fi­er runs out, it turns off. When using steam mod­els, remem­ber that they con­sume much more elec­tric­i­ty than clas­sic ones, and you need to install them at a dis­tance from places where peo­ple sit or plants are locat­ed.
    Steam Humidifier
  3. Ultra­son­ic. Silent and sur­pris­ing­ly eco­nom­i­cal ver­sion of the humid­i­fi­er, the prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion of which is based on mechan­i­cal vibra­tions con­vert­ed from elec­tri­cal vibra­tions. Such a device is con­sid­ered the most suit­able option for humid­i­fy­ing the air in your home. The built-in hydro­stat in some mod­els allows you to inde­pen­dent­ly reg­u­late the lev­el of humid­i­ty. Reg­u­lar fil­ter replace­ment is required for opti­mal and trou­ble-free oper­a­tion.
    Ultrasonic Humidifier

Humidifier Safety

A humid­i­fi­er is an elec­tri­cal appli­ance that works with water. This is an object of increased dan­ger. Before start­ing its oper­a­tion, be sure to read the instruc­tions, which con­tain, among oth­er things, safe­ty rules.

In gen­er­al, when using this device, it is pro­hib­it­ed:

  • add water dur­ing oper­a­tion (if this is not pro­vid­ed by the man­u­fac­tur­er);
  • move the oper­at­ing humid­i­fi­er;
  • use the steam noz­zle for top­ping up or close it;
  • use tech­ni­cal water;
  • use water with addi­tives (if there is a fla­vor­ing func­tion, then there is a spe­cial con­tain­er for aro­ma oils).

Moist air is heav­ier than dry air, so it quick­ly set­tles down. For the best effect, as well as for safe­ty rea­sons (so that con­den­sate does not col­lect under the device), the humid­i­fi­er should be at a height of at least 0.5 m. A large, pow­er­ful device can be placed high­er, on shelves or a cab­i­net.

floor humidifier

Plac­ing a humid­i­fi­er on the floor is unsafe and inef­fec­tive

The humid­i­fi­er must be locat­ed at least 0.3 m from:

  • elec­tri­cal appli­ances (he will “flood” them with steam);
  • fur­ni­ture and non-mois­ture resis­tant walls (they will become sour from mois­ture);
  • hygro­scop­ic things (for exam­ple, books);
  • heat­ing devices (the whole mean­ing of humid­i­fi­ca­tion is lost).

If the house has oth­er sources of mois­ture, for exam­ple, a dec­o­ra­tive foun­tain or an aquar­i­um, you should not install the device in this place. Their joint work can increase the humid­i­ty above the per­mis­si­ble val­ues ​​u200bu200b(above 70%), which is also bad. From high humid­i­ty, mold can appear, and the like­li­hood of a dis­ease of the res­pi­ra­to­ry sys­tem increas­es.

The appli­ance must be kept out of the reach of pets and small chil­dren. It is advis­able to con­nect the humid­i­fi­er direct­ly to the mains, with­out addi­tion­al con­nec­tions through fil­ters, tees, etc. The wire should not inter­fere with the pas­sage and be stretched.

What water is suitable for humidifiers

In most humid­i­fiers, the water pass­es into the air in the form in which it was orig­i­nal­ly, with all impu­ri­ties, salts and impu­ri­ties. Both the user and his fam­i­ly will breathe it. In addi­tion, if the liq­uid is of poor qual­i­ty (for exam­ple, tap water), it also spoils the device itself, clogs fil­ters, noz­zles, and in places of heat­ing it is pos­si­ble the appear­ance of scale. This is why water qual­i­ty is an impor­tant con­sid­er­a­tion when using humid­i­fiers.

For humid­i­fi­ca­tion, it is bet­ter to use dis­tilled, bot­tled dem­iner­al­ized or nat­ur­al water. Occa­sion­al­ly, it is pos­si­ble to pour fil­tered or boiled tap water into the tank, and then water removed from the sed­i­ment.

humidifier water

The water used must be free of impu­ri­ties

Tap water con­tains sub­stances that do not linger on fil­ters, are not neu­tral­ized and do not set­tle when boiled. Get­ting first into the humid­i­fi­er, these impu­ri­ties enter the air, and then into the res­pi­ra­to­ry tract, caus­ing, at best, sim­ply irri­ta­tion of mucous mem­branes.

The water con­sump­tion is not so large as to save on pur­chased water and use dirty water. Arte­sian or indus­tri­al­ly fil­tered water can be col­lect­ed from self-ser­vice machines. It costs quite a bit, about 2–3 rubles per liter.

It is worth pay­ing atten­tion to such a moment: unused water in the humid­i­fi­er tank can be kept for no more than 24 hours. Then it must be removed, the con­tain­er washed. If this is not done, the remain­ing water will “swamp”, path­o­gen­ic microflo­ra will appear there.

The use of aromatic oils in a humidifier

You can use essen­tial oils or spe­cial solu­tions for arom­a­ti­za­tion only in those humid­i­fiers in which this option is pro­vid­ed con­struc­tive­ly, which is usu­al­ly writ­ten both on the pack­ag­ing and in the instruc­tions. Humid­i­fiers with the “arom­a­ti­za­tion” option have spe­cial tray for oils. It is strict­ly for­bid­den to add for­eign sub­stances to the con­tain­er with water. The pres­ence of arom­a­ti­za­tion does not depend on the type of humid­i­fi­er. It may or may not be in any type of device: steam, ultra­son­ic or “cold”.

It is impor­tant to use sub­stances that are in prin­ci­ple intend­ed for aro­mather­a­py, of high qual­i­ty. Gen­er­al rules for dosage — 5 drops per 15 squares of area. Over­dose can cause side effects: aller­gies, dizzi­ness and migraine attack, nau­sea.

aroma oil in humidifier

Use aro­mat­ic oils in a humid­i­fi­er with cau­tion.

Do not use fra­grances every time you turn on the humid­i­fi­er. The first time, aro­mat­ic oils are added for an hour, no more, and the reac­tion of the body is mon­i­tored. If every­thing is in order, the time can be increased. If prob­lems arise, fla­vors should be dis­card­ed.

You can read more about scent­ed humid­i­fiers here.

Typical problems that may occur when operating a humidifier

In the process of using humid­i­fiers, prob­lems, minor mal­func­tions, may occur. Most of them you can solve on your own.

  1. The device does not turn on. First, as always, you need to check if it is con­nect­ed to the net­work. It’s so obvi­ous, but sta­tis­ti­cal­ly, this prob­lem hap­pens a lot. Care­less­ness plays a cru­el joke. Sec­ond­ly, check the tank, it may run out of water.
  2. Steam does not come out of the noz­zle. The out­let may be blocked by dirt, residues of the part­ing agent. It must be washed thor­ough­ly.
  3. Steam may not flow if the tank is filled above the “max” mark and the intake sys­tem is flood­ed. Excess water must be drained. If both of the pre­vi­ous tips did not help, it is worth try­ing to dis­as­sem­ble the humid­i­fi­er and flush the mem­branes, fil­ters and mov­ing parts. If there is no result, you will have to hand over the device for repair.
  4. The humid­i­fi­er is bub­bling, and the pres­sure of moist air is weak. Most like­ly, the water ran out, and the auto­mat­ic shut­down did not work. If the device is ultra­son­ic, such “symp­toms” may indi­cate prob­lems with the gen­er­a­tion of ultra­sound. Treat­ment will con­sist of dis­man­tling, clean­ing, dry­ing and rein­stalling the ultra­son­ic trans­duc­er.
  5. The steam is cloudy, and a salt coat­ing appears on the sur­round­ing objects. This indi­cates poor water qual­i­ty or fil­ter fail­ure.
  6. The appear­ance of an unpleas­ant odor dur­ing oper­a­tion of the device. This is a sign that the water has “bloomed”. It needs to be drained. Rinse and dry all parts in con­tact with the liq­uid, pay­ing spe­cial atten­tion to the mem­brane.
disassembled humidifier

The humid­i­fi­er should be cleaned reg­u­lar­ly

Proper Care

The humid­i­fi­er care pro­ce­dure includes sev­er­al mea­sures, depend­ing on the degree of con­t­a­m­i­na­tion of the device.

Daily cleaning

Be sure to turn off the device every day and pour out the remain­ing water, then wash the humid­i­fi­er with a brush and hot soapy water. This will allow time to clean it from the plaque formed due to the increased hard­ness of the water. The tank is rinsed with tap water, its sub­se­quent fill­ing should occur only after com­plete dry­ing. When per­form­ing the above actions, care must be tak­en not to allow the engine and oth­er used work­ing units to be flood­ed with water.

Deep cleaning

Even with good dai­ly care, deep­er cleans­ing may be need­ed over time, no mat­ter how often the device is used. for wall pro­cess­ing use vine­gar, to reduce the risk of dam­age to sur­faces, you can dilute it with water. The ingrained plaque can be elim­i­nat­ed only in this way. After treat­ment with vine­gar solu­tion, it is nec­es­sary to thor­ough­ly rinse the device under run­ning water and leave it to dry com­plete­ly. The fre­quen­cy of deep clean­ing is once every 2–3 weeks.


Its need aris­es when you need to clean the device from bac­te­ria. As prepara­to­ry mea­sures, the fol­low­ing should be done: open the win­dow and bal­cony shut­ters and thor­ough­ly ven­ti­late the room. Next, pre­pare a solu­tion from half a glass bleach­ing agent and 4 liters of water. Pour water into the tank and press “on”. After a while, steam will begin to be released, at this moment we turn off the device and wait 3–5 min­utes, after which we release the con­tain­er from water. We rinse the con­tain­er with fresh water, and refill it, turn on the device for 5–7 min­utes.

The num­ber of repeat­ed cycles depends on how soon the smell of bleach dis­ap­pears. If the instruc­tions indi­cate that it is unde­sir­able to use bleach as a dis­in­fec­tant, then hydro­gen per­ox­ide is poured instead.

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