A modern gas infrared heater competes well with other similar devices and can help out its owner where there is a problem with the supply of electricity. In order to better appreciate the benefits of this efficient equipment, you should study the principle of its operation and options for domestic use.
Gas infrared heater — principle of operation
Unlike convectors, which heat the surrounding air masses, radiators have a directional type of impact. They give thermal energy directly to objects, which leads to fuel savings and significantly speeds up the workflow. Considering gas infrared heaters, how these modern devices work, they can be compared with popular UFO devices, but here, instead of an electric heating element, a burner acts as a heat source.
The main components of the gas heater:
- mixing chamber;
- ceramic element;
- protective grille;
- control valve;
- gas cylinder with reducer.
To start up, open the valve on the cylinder or on the pipeline and carefully bring the lighter to the grate. During the ignition process, it is desirable to be away from the source of the flame. A slight pop is possible at first, but the fire is quickly drawn into the ceramic element. The mixing of gas and air occurs at the inlet to the gas infrared heater. The combustible mixture with the help of a divider is evenly distributed over the surface of the emitter and burns out, radiating powerful heat.
Pros and cons of a gas infrared heater
The emitters are able to work as autonomous or mobile devices, which greatly expands the range of their use in everyday life. They can be connected to cylinders and main lines, but when switching to different fuel sources, special adapters should be used. A gas infrared heater has disadvantages and significant advantages that should be considered before purchasing it.
Advantages of gas infrared emitters:
- Long service life.
- Economical fuel consumption.
- Efficient heat dissipation.
Disadvantages of a gas infrared heater:
- An open flame source requires strict adherence to safety rules; it is undesirable to leave a working device and a gas station unattended.
- During operation, oxygen is burned inside the living space, so it is necessary to ensure the flow of fresh air.
- The room requires a high-quality ventilation system.
- When operating models that are not equipped with a system for removing burnt gases, an extraneous smell is felt.
Gas infrared heater — characteristics
When buying an emitter, one should distinguish between industrial models and devices designed for domestic purposes. For example, for household needs, appliances that emit long heat waves are better suited. Production powerful gas heaters of infrared radiation work mainly on short waves, which can adversely affect the well-being of a person who has been near a heat source for a long time.
The main characteristics of the infrared gas heater:
- Fuel consumption.
- Purpose (industrial or household).
Gas infrared heater — gas consumption
For people considering the characteristics of an infrared heater, gas consumption is one of the main places in importance. This parameter strongly depends on the model of the emitter and its power. For example, a ceramic household appliance Bartolini Pullover I Turbo Plus, with a maximum power of 4.2 kW, has three modes of operation — 1.6 kW, 3.6 kW and 4.2 kW. Depending on the setting, it consumes from 100 g to 300 g of fuel per hour. Portable heaters with low power burn gas several times less — from 125–150 g / h.
Gas infrared heater for home
When looking for the best gas infrared heater for home use, you should definitely pay attention to the manufacturer. Korean KOVEA devices are reliable and durable. This company makes high-quality devices for giving, at home, hiking. The Little Sun, Power Sense, Cupid Heater, Cap Heater series deserved good reviews.
The Ballu gas infrared heater is always of excellent quality. This international holding produces several series of heaters for various purposes, from Red Evolution floor-standing appliances to flat ceiling radiators of the BIH series. From European manufacturers, affordable and high-quality models are made by the Polish company TIMBERK. Chinese models of equipment are cheaper by 30% ‑50%, but often differ in mediocre quality and poor maintainability.
Heater gas infrared ceramic
For domestic purposes in a residential area, two types of heating devices are mainly used — infrared gas heaters with a ceramic burner and catalytic devices. The catalytic principle is safer and uses the method of flameless fuel oxidation at temperatures below 600°C. The chemical process occurs when gas vapor is supplied to a hot plate of platinum composition and fiberglass. These devices have high power, they are environmentally friendly and equipped with fans, suitable for rooms over 20 m2.
In ceramic gas infrared models, the radiation temperature is much higher — from 800 ° C. They are a screen in the form of a panel, which is heated by an open flame. The advantage of a ceramic device is a longer service life, simple installation and maintenance, and an inexpensive price compared to catalytic devices. They are light in weight and are suitable as a portable stove or stand-alone heater for a tent. Small-sized devices are equipped with small 450 g cylinders, which are enough for a short trip out of town.
Ceiling gas infrared heaters
When choosing the best gas infrared heater, you can consider a stationary version of a device designed for permanent indoor operation. On sale there are many devices with a ceiling type of mounting, which have significant advantages. These radiators are characterized by increased panel size, high performance and modern design, they are often used for heating large industrial sites. Under the ceiling, they do not occupy useful space and cover a significant area of the room with their radiation.