Repair is a process that is familiar to everyone. This event is carried out systematically, and we observe it almost daily. Therefore, it is already a common thing in our daily life. The word “repair” is borrowed from French (remonter) and in the original language means to restore. Having already opened modern dictionaries, the interpretation of this word is as follows: this is the implementation of a wide (or insignificant) set of measures aimed at performing a partial or complete restoration of an object. It can be both a production area and premises (structures) for domestic purposes. Also, the designation “repair” includes processes for replacing failed (worn out) items that have any defects, have lost their original appearance, and need to be updated.
What is building renovation?
The concept itself means change, redevelopment, restoration, improvement of technical condition.
This category includes:
- any plumbing work;
- replacement of electrical wiring;
- replacement of sewer pipes or their restoration;
- replacement of windows and doors, etc.
Repair in the construction field (repair of buildings and structures) is a complex, responsible and knowledge-requiring procedure, which requires careful study of the theoretical part and professional implementation of the practical one. Not a single repair is complete without preparatory work. The preparatory process includes the following steps: selection of materials and equipment for repair work, planning and organization of the phased course of the event, hiring labor (planning personal time if repairs are carried out independently), designing, laying the ventilation system and more.
Exhaust fan Helios MiniVent M1/100
Air consumption, m³/hour:
75, 90 |
Fan noise level, dB:
25, 30 |
The main types of repairs of buildings and structures
In order to understand in more detail what repair is and to understand its features, it is necessary to determine what types of it exist. Different sources provide different classifications of repair types. But it is still possible to streamline the terminology.
Among the existing types of repair, I single out three:
Each of them provides for its own characteristics, nuances, execution technique, preparatory process and other factors. Let’s get acquainted with each type in more detail.
Let us immediately give a detailed notation. Current repair — the implementation of a range of works that prevent possible damage, restoration of worn-out objects, finishing of any part for improvement. Maintenance refers to the elimination of minor faults and damage that adversely affect the appearance or entail the risk of complex breakdown. During the current repair, structural elements are replaced without changing the basic appearance and functionality. Given all of the above, current repairs can be divided into two more types:
- simple cosmetic;
- cosmetic with change of materials.
During a simple cosmetic repair, work is carried out through which the condition of the premises is improved without using the replacement of finishes and engineering equipment. These are such processes: changing the shade of the walls, ceiling, gluing new wallpapers, partial repair of skirting boards, platbands, windows, doors. This also includes grinding and varnishing, minor work with plumbing and heating equipment, maintenance of systems in the house.
As for cosmetic repairs with the change of materials, it has some differences from its “predecessor”. Repair activities are as follows. Worn-out finishing materials and engineering equipment are being replaced with new similar elements. For example, replace the exhaust fan with a new one.
Why is maintenance being done? The question is quite logical, why carry out minor repairs if the “spoiled” appearance is hardly noticeable and may not cause much trouble. Current repairs need to be done and it is worth doing. This type of repair measures will allow you to immediately eliminate the existing problem, which means you can significantly save money without bringing the defect to a major overhaul (which is more expensive financial costs). In addition, it is much easier to carry out current repairs than to make efforts to carry out a major one.
When performing the current repair of a building, it is necessary to take into account several factors that allow you to determine the strategy of repair activities, the specifics of the event, and the approximate time resource. So, before proceeding with this type of repair, a detailed analysis of the building is carried out and the following points are determined:
- how old is the building;
- operating mode;
- architectural features;
- the climate of the region.
Based on the information received, a future project with important marks is formed. Maintenance of the building is recommended to be carried out once every few years, depending on the factors mentioned above.
On our website you can learn more about the rating of the best models of exhaust fans.
To present a picture of the overhaul, we will provide a definition. Capital repairs — a set of repair and construction activities that are aimed at changing an existing facility. During the overhaul, comprehensive work is carried out on the dismantling and installation of new heating systems, plumbing and other elements. It should be noted that the overhaul implies the preservation of the functional purpose, changes and improvements relate only to qualitative characteristics. The purpose of this type of repair is to eliminate existing defects of worn-out objects, to change the necessary components or to enhance the aesthetic properties and functionality. Overhaul is classified into simple and complex.
If we are talking about a simple overhaul, then this event involves the implementation of repair work using a standard set of repair tools. Simply put, this is a cosmetic repair, which also involves additional work on the replacement of materials, but with some requirements. Namely, with the addition of such an event as a change of parts of the structure and infrastructure. In more detail, a simple overhaul covers demolition work, changing partitions, plastering, changing finishes, replacing flooring, removing and replacing windows, reworking plumbing, heating, and electrical systems. This also includes the installation of a heat exchanger and the change (improvement) of the ventilation system.
Heat exchanger Blauberg Vento Expert Plus WiFi
F8 (option), G3 |
Wall thickness from, mm:
Installation of an external grille:
from the premises |
Heat exchanger material:
Wall module diameter, mm:
Heat recovery efficiency, %:
82, 90, 97 |
A complex overhaul, as the name suggests, is a complex process. Namely, the performance of construction work, which is aimed at replacing structural elements, changing their style solution. To be more precise, this is the following range of repairs: the installation of a multi-level ceiling, the construction of various structures that serve as decor, the transfer of door and window openings to the desired location, the construction of podiums on the floor, making niches in the walls, making arched openings and other elements .
Considering these two types of repairs (current and major), we can identify several contradictions that often arise among those who decide to understand the features of repair work. So, in order not to get confused, we give a few examples that allow you to understand the features and differences of each of the types. If you replace an obsolete window with a new one identical in size and functional properties, then this will be a current repair. If the old window has advantages, that is, the old one was wooden, and the new one was plastic, and in addition, it still has improved thermal insulation properties, then this type of repair will be called a major one. Another example is the installation of an air conditioner of a similar model (the old one is out of order) — maintenance.
Air conditioner split system Cooper&Hunter Prima Plus CH-S07XN7
up to 20 |
Indoor unit type:
Heating power, kW:
Cooling power, kW:
Min. heating temperature, °C:
This type of repair is much easier to distinguish from the previous two. Under the repair work during the reconstruction means the restructuring of already constructed facilities in order to improve their appearance and give a higher level of quality. A prerequisite for reconstruction is the preservation of load-bearing and enclosing structures. To carry out the reconstruction process, the operational work of the facility is suspended. If we talk about the differences from the overhaul and current repairs, then the reconstruction has cardinal distinguishing features. During the reconstruction process, it is allowed to make changes to the dimensions of the building or premises, that is, redevelopment is carried out. It is important to have a working draft of the reconstruction, which includes all calculations and detailed drawings. Sometimes a blueprint is used. That is, reconstruction is the same major overhaul, but in a more complex form, where work is carried out to shift partitions, combine rooms and other building restructuring.
Please note that when carrying out any type of repair, high-quality ventilation must be organized. This is necessary so that all the activities carried out are carried out in comfort, and the restoration work done retains its appearance for a long time, without being exposed to problems associated with poor ventilation of the room.
Considering all of the above, we can summarize the following. There are three types of repairs: current, capital, reconstruction. Each of them has its own characteristics, the necessary arsenal of tools and implies the implementation of a specific action plan. Current repair — renewal, repair, replacement of worn-out elements. It is distinguished by the speed of execution, an inexpensive financial contribution and does not involve construction work. Overhaul — a complete rearrangement or processing of elements of a room or building. The process is carried out using a wide arsenal of tools, repair and construction work is carried out. Reconstruction — repair work, which includes redevelopment, construction of partitions and other complex procedures to change the “old” floor plan. To select the best equipment, we recommend that you go to our catalog and get acquainted with the rating of heating systems.
Gas boiler Bosch Gaz 6000 W WBN 6000–24C RN
Number of circuits:
Heating area, m²:
Water heating efficiency class:
Maximum thermal power, kW:
Space heating efficiency class:
All types of repair and construction work with the help of professionals
Without special skills in construction, it is very difficult to complete various repair and construction tasks. Our company Venkon is ready to offer you a full range of installation works. During the repair, we can mount ventilation systems, install air conditioning in 2 stages and install underfloor heating. Our employees have vast experience in their work, so they perform the work efficiently, accurately and on time.
For example, if you need to make a through hole in the wall, then it is not always possible to do it yourself, we suggest you order a diamond drilling service.
Construction and renovation projects come with the choice of equipment that is right for you, but the market is so diverse that even though you may know what you want, it can be difficult to decide. Therefore, we decided to help in this matter, because we take care of all engineering issues. On our website you can also read articles, for example: “How to choose a gas boiler”, “Where is it better to place a boiler”, “How to choose climate equipment”.