To avoid many mis­un­der­stand­ings, the TopClimat.ru por­tal has pre­pared a kind of cheat sheet that can help those who are plan­ning to change the life in their home. It con­tains only the most nec­es­sary — that which can cool too much zeal or make you think before you start act­ing. Know­ing these nuances, you can cal­cu­late every­thing in advance and how to pre­pare.


  • Heat­ing sys­tem

  • Elec­tric boil­er instal­la­tion

  • Gas boil­er instal­la­tion

  • Ven­ti­la­tion and air con­di­tion­ing sys­tems

  • Instal­la­tion of a hood in an apart­ment with a gas stove

  • Boil­er room for a pri­vate house


Autonomous heating scheme

Autonomous heat­ing scheme

Each of us wants to live in com­fort, and mod­ern cli­mate and heat­ing equip­ment helps a lot in this. After read­ing about the pos­si­bil­i­ties of heat­ing boil­ers, water heaters, air han­dling units, air con­di­tion­ers, etc., many imme­di­ate­ly begin to act, buy­ing the equip­ment they like. And they get into trou­ble, because do not take into account that there are require­ments of var­i­ous author­i­ties and author­i­ties that lim­it the pos­si­bil­i­ty of installing this equip­ment — depend­ing on the con­di­tions that you have in your home. As a result, you can not only waste your mon­ey, but also spend a lot of effort and ener­gy absolute­ly for noth­ing.

Apart­ment in an apart­ment build­ing

Heat­ing sys­tem

Today you can often find var­i­ous infor­ma­tion mate­ri­als, includ­ing in the media, about how it is prof­itable and con­ve­nient to aban­don the cen­tral­ized heat­ing sys­tem in favor of an indi­vid­ual or, as it is also called, autonomous. With­out argu­ing with this the­sis, let us draw your atten­tion to cer­tain points.

Stage 1, “doc­u­men­tary-bureau­crat­ic”

ChObzor: remove the air conditioner from the facade! Review: remove the air con­di­tion­er from the facade!
Water heated floors Water heat­ed floors

If you are deter­mined to heat indi­vid­u­al­ly, remem­ber the fol­low­ing. First of all, you have to con­tact the dis­trict admin­is­tra­tion where your house is reg­is­tered — the com­mis­sion respon­si­ble for the use of the hous­ing stock. There you will be giv­en a list of doc­u­ments that you will have to col­lect. The term for con­sid­er­a­tion of the sub­mit­ted papers is no lat­er than one and a half months after their sub­mis­sion. Installing your own heat­ing sys­tem is relat­ed to the re-equip­ment of a res­i­den­tial build­ing, so the list will include:

  • appli­ca­tion for the arrange­ment of indi­vid­ual heat­ing in the apart­ment;

  • title doc­u­ments for the own­er­ship of an apart­ment: cer­tifi­cate of state reg­is­tra­tion, act of trans­fer of own­er­ship, dona­tion agree­ment, doc­u­ment con­firm­ing the right of inher­i­tance (orig­i­nals or copies cer­ti­fied by a notary);

  • cer­ti­fied copies for each apart­ment own­er, as well as an appli­ca­tion signed by all apart­ment own­ers;

  • a copy of the tech­ni­cal pass­port of the apart­ment;

  • the con­sent of the fam­i­ly mem­bers of the ten­ant and the ten­ants of the apart­ment build­ing, drawn up in the form of a pro­to­col of the meet­ing of apart­ment own­ers;

  • con­clu­sion of the body respon­si­ble for the pro­tec­tion of archi­tec­tur­al, his­tor­i­cal or cul­tur­al her­itage about the pos­si­bil­i­ty of rede­vel­op­ment (if the house is an archi­tec­tur­al, cul­tur­al or his­tor­i­cal val­ue).

Even if you have all this in stock, it is not a fact that the answer that you will be giv­en in the admin­is­tra­tion will be pos­i­tive.

Stage 2, “tech­ni­cal”

Next, you will need to “go through the author­i­ties” that are respon­si­ble for the oper­a­tion of the house:

Gas boiler, wall mounted

Gas boil­er, wall mount­ed

  • obtain per­mis­sion to dis­con­nect the apart­ment from the heat­ing sys­tem of the house. The munic­i­pal heat sup­ply orga­ni­za­tions are respon­si­ble for this. The good news is that they can be refused in the only case: if the removal of radi­a­tors in your apart­ment will lead to a dis­rup­tion in the oper­a­tion of equip­ment in neigh­bor­ing apart­ments;

  • obtain tech­ni­cal con­di­tions (TU) for the instal­la­tion of a gas boil­er. It is pro­vid­ed by the gas sup­ply com­pa­ny. Most often, a request is sent to it, at your request, by the man­age­ment com­pa­ny or the HOA;

  • order a project for the re-equip­ment of an apart­ment with all cal­cu­la­tions in a spe­cial­ized orga­ni­za­tion;

  • coor­di­nate this project with all depart­ments and instances from which tech­ni­cal spec­i­fi­ca­tions were obtained, as well as with the fire ser­vice and the san­i­tary and epi­demi­o­log­i­cal ser­vice.

If you are installing an elec­tric heat­ing boil­er, you can skip some of the steps. Read about it below.

Stage 3, “sad-dra­mat­ic”

If you have passed both pre­vi­ous stages with dig­ni­ty, the next one will be a big dis­ap­point­ment for you. Even if you now heat your apart­ment autonomous­ly, you will have to addi­tion­al­ly … pay for cen­tral heat­ing, which the apart­ment does not have.

Note to the own­er

“For those who decide to buy a boil­er for heat­ing an apart­ment. When choos­ing the pow­er of a heat­ing boil­er, it is usu­al­ly assumed that 1 sq. m area of ​​the heat­ed premis­es will require, on aver­age, 0.1 kW of ther­mal ener­gy. In oth­er words, to cal­cu­late the pow­er of the boil­er, you need to divide the area of ​​u200bu200bthe premis­es by 10.

The fact is that in accor­dance with the deci­sion of the Supreme Court of the Russ­ian Fed­er­a­tion dat­ed Jan­u­ary 14, 2014 No. AKPI13-1157 and dat­ed May 07, 2015 No. AKPI15-198, heat­ing fees are paid by all own­ers of premis­es (includ­ing those who have switched to autonomous indi­vid­ual heat­ing) . There is no oth­er pro­ce­dure for pay­ment for heat­ing, includ­ing for premis­es trans­ferred to autonomous heat­ing sources.

How much will you be charged for “extra” heat? The pay­ment for heat­ing is cal­cu­lat­ed based on the read­ings of meter­ing devices in pro­por­tion to the area of ​​​​the apart­ment or accord­ing to the con­sump­tion stan­dard for heat­ing util­i­ties.

The TopClimat.ru por­tal team hopes that with an increase in the num­ber of apart­ments that have switched to indi­vid­ual heat­ing, the sit­u­a­tion will change, and some­where hap­py own­ers of autonomous heat­ing sys­tems will pay only for them­selves, and not for “that guy”, but so far there is always a chance that the law will be harsh on you.

Elec­tric boil­er instal­la­tion

An elec­tric boil­er is con­sid­ered safer than a gas one. If you want to install it in your apart­ment, remem­ber that a boil­er with a pow­er of more than 12 kW will nec­es­sar­i­ly require the re-equip­ment of the entire elec­tri­cal net­work of the apart­ment and the instal­la­tion of a three-phase meter.

What you need to know about the per­mit to install cli­mate equip­ment ✮Large selec­tion of cli­mate con­trol equip­ment on TopClimat.ru por­tal

And if the pow­er of the boil­er that you intend to install exceeds 15 kW, then you will first need to obtain per­mis­sion from Ros­tekhnad­zor. This is spelled out in the “Rules for the tech­no­log­i­cal con­nec­tion of pow­er receivers of con­sumers of elec­tri­cal ener­gy, facil­i­ties for the pro­duc­tion of elec­tri­cal ener­gy, as well as elec­tric grid facil­i­ties owned by grid orga­ni­za­tions and oth­er per­sons, to elec­tric net­works”, approved by Decree of the Gov­ern­ment of the Russ­ian Fed­er­a­tion dat­ed Decem­ber 27, 2004 No. 861 (in (ed. Decrees of the Gov­ern­ment of the Russ­ian Fed­er­a­tion of April 21, 2009 N 334).

Gas boil­er instal­la­tion

Installing a gas heat­ing boil­er will cre­ate even more prob­lems for you. Unlike an elec­tric boil­er, a gas boil­er can­not be installed on its own at all. Accord­ing to the require­ments of reg­u­la­to­ry doc­u­ments, the instal­la­tion of any gas appli­ances, appa­ra­tus and oth­er gas-using equip­ment, their con­nec­tion to gas pipelines, apart­ment water sup­ply and heat sup­ply sys­tems is car­ried out only by spe­cial­ized orga­ni­za­tions.

Note to the own­er

“In order to make a hole in the out­er wall of a house, for exam­ple, to install a wall inlet valve, one does not need to obtain spe­cial per­mits from var­i­ous author­i­ties. Holes up to 300 mm can be made with­out enter­ing infor­ma­tion about this in the pass­port of the room”.

Fur­ther, a gas boil­er will require the arrange­ment of a chim­ney to remove com­bus­tion prod­ucts. Prop­er instal­la­tion of the chim­ney requires the device in the house of an inter­nal ver­ti­cal chan­nel that opens onto the roof. It is impos­si­ble to bring the pipe to the wall of the house, because. this leads to the depo­si­tion of mois­ture on the wall of the house and the destruc­tion of the out­er walls, and also cre­ates incon­ve­nience to neigh­bors.

Rec­om­men­da­tions for premis­es intend­ed for the instal­la­tion of heat­ing gas-using equip­ment:

  • height of the room where the boil­er is installed: at least 2.5 m;

  • the vol­ume of this room: not less than 15 cubic meters. m;

  • manda­to­ry pres­ence of nat­ur­al ven­ti­la­tion based on: extract — in the amount of 3‑fold air exchange per hour, inflow — in the amount of exhaust and addi­tion­al air for gas com­bus­tion;

  • the pres­ence of win­dow open­ings with a glaz­ing area at the rate of 0.03 sq. m per 1 cu. m of room vol­ume;

  • if the walls in the room where the gas boil­er will be locat­ed are made of a mate­r­i­al that sup­ports the com­bus­tion process, then no one will agree on the place­ment of the boil­er here.

Ven­ti­la­tion and air con­di­tion­ing sys­tems

The place­ment of exter­nal units of air con­di­tion­ers is reg­u­lat­ed by reg­u­la­to­ry doc­u­ments adopt­ed at the lev­el of the city admin­is­tra­tion. For exam­ple, accord­ing to the Decree of the Gov­ern­ment of St. Peters­burg dat­ed Novem­ber 9, 2016 No. 961, the exter­nal unit of the air con­di­tion­er belongs to the ele­ments of improve­ment, and its instal­la­tion requires manda­to­ry approval. The approval of the instal­la­tion of an air con­di­tion­er is car­ried out by the Com­mit­tee for Urban Plan­ning and Archi­tec­ture, and for cul­tur­al her­itage sites, you also need to obtain a visa from the Com­mit­tee for State Con­trol, Use and Pro­tec­tion of His­tor­i­cal and Cul­tur­al Mon­u­ments.

Installation of an external air conditioning unit requires approval

Instal­la­tion of an exter­nal air con­di­tion­er unit requires approval

If the out­door unit of the air con­di­tion­er is not installed with­in the bound­aries of its own premis­es, the con­sent of all the own­ers of the premis­es of the apart­ment build­ing or the per­mis­sion of the HOA, if it is autho­rized to dis­pose of com­mon house prop­er­ty, will also be required. The same per­mis­sion will be required for plac­ing air ducts on the facade of an apart­ment build­ing.

On the front facade of the build­ing, the air con­di­tion­er can be installed in the upper part of the win­dow, using spe­cial mask­ing grilles and blinds, paint­ed in the col­or of the facade of the build­ing. At the same time, it is very impor­tant to ensure that the struc­tures do not extend beyond the facade of the build­ing.

There are place­ment rules for ven­ti­la­tion grilles. In St. Peters­burg, the instal­la­tion of air con­di­tion­ing and ven­ti­la­tion sys­tems with­out an out­door unit, with air sup­ply through a hole in the wall hid­den by a ven­ti­la­tion grill, is allowed both on the front and on the court­yard facade. The lat­tice diam­e­ter should not exceed 15 cm. It should be paint­ed in the col­or of the facade.

Instal­la­tion of a hood in an apart­ment with a gas stove

You can install an effi­cient hood in the kitchen with a gas stove only if your apart­ment is locat­ed on the top floor of the house. Oth­er­wise, gas work­ers pro­hib­it equip­ping the kitchen with forced ven­ti­la­tion.

The expla­na­tion for this is very sim­ple: the use of hoods, the pow­er of which exceeds the capac­i­ty of the nat­ur­al ven­ti­la­tion duct of an apart­ment build­ing, leads to a vio­la­tion of the ven­ti­la­tion in all apart­ments asso­ci­at­ed with this ven­ti­la­tion shaft. There­fore, in accor­dance with clause 5.7.8 of the Decree of the State Com­mit­tee of the Russ­ian Fed­er­a­tion for Con­struc­tion and Hous­ing and Com­mu­nal Com­plex No. 170 dat­ed Sep­tem­ber 27, 2003, the instal­la­tion of forced ven­ti­la­tion in kitchens and san­i­tary facil­i­ties is allowed only in apart­ments on the upper floors.

Connecting an electric boiler

Con­nect­ing an elec­tric boil­er

A pri­vate house

In prin­ci­ple, the require­ments for installing heat­ing and ven­ti­la­tion equip­ment in a pri­vate house are the same as those for apart­ments in an apart­ment build­ing. The only — and very big — plus is that you do not need to obtain the con­sent of oth­er ten­ants, except for your house­hold mem­bers. Con­sid­er a few addi­tion­al nuances asso­ci­at­ed with gas equip­ment.

If you installed a gas boil­er with a capac­i­ty of 30 kW or more, this type of equip­ment needs a room that is fenced off from the rest of the house — a boil­er room. The boil­er room must meet spe­cial require­ments:

  • The width of the door­way to the boil­er room: 80 cm or more.

  • There must be at least 1.3 m of free space in front of the boil­er. It is nec­es­sary to car­ry out pre­ven­tive main­te­nance and repair of equip­ment.

  • The floor stand­ing boil­er must be mount­ed very sta­ble, in a hor­i­zon­tal posi­tion. The floor should be as lev­el as pos­si­ble. In this case, pos­si­ble vibra­tions and noise dur­ing boil­er oper­a­tion will be reduced.

  • Floor and wall cladding mate­ri­als must be non-com­bustible. Sur­faces near the boil­er must be insu­lat­ed with heat-resis­tant mate­ri­als.

  • It is nec­es­sary to ensure the avail­abil­i­ty of cold water in the boil­er room, as well as to install a sys­tem for its removal.

  • It is bet­ter if sock­ets with ground­ing are installed in the boil­er room in advance. They will be need­ed, because. many ele­ments in boil­ers need to be con­nect­ed to the mains.

  • It is nec­es­sary to pro­vide an effec­tive ven­ti­la­tion sys­tem in the boil­er room.

  • Be sure to take care of con­ve­nient access to the chim­ney — this is nec­es­sary to check the paten­cy of the chan­nels, and for pre­ven­tive clean­ing work.

And final­ly, if, when lay­ing a gas pipeline to the house, it pass­es through the lands of neigh­bors, you will have to do anoth­er project. Indi­cat­ing the lay­out of the gas pipeline in this area, as well as the place of its entry into your house.

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